Since the launch of DCDC II, we have supported three postdoctoral fellows:
Hernan Moreno joined DCDC in August 2012 after graduating from ASU with his Ph.D. in Civil, Environmental and Sustainable Engineering under the direction of Dr. Enrique Vivoni in the School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment. Hernan’s focus includes modeling and projections of water resources for Arizona under varying conditions of climate and land use change. This work focuses on the estimation of climatic and hydrologic uncertainties to contribute to scientific knowledge as well as to inform decision making in water policy. Stakeholders and academic experts are involved in participatory modeling as an interactive process with benefits for both researchers and practitioners. Specific activities involve the setup of a distributed hydrological model (tRIBS) for the Verde, Tonto and Salt River basins and selection of the appropriate spatial resolution for reducing the computational load, hydrologic calibration and validation using historical information, downscaling of IPCC future climate scenarios and consideration of future vegetation thinning and change. Coupling of climate and landcover scenarios in the hydrologic projections will allow creating a platform for decision making, a connection with reservoir models and DCDC’s WaterSim model. Such a platform will integrate the different scenarios (precipitation, temperature, vegetation cover, etc) with corresponding basin outputs (discharges, evapotranspiration, groundwater, soil moisture, snow and runoff) in a friendly and free source-code GUI for stakeholder engagement and use.
Ariane Middel received her PhD in Computer Science from the University of Kaiserslautern, Germany. Since joining DCDC in 2009, she has collaborated with the climatologists and geographers on research aimed at understanding the functional relationships between water use, energy use, and land-cover characteristics. Specifically, Ariane’s research interests focus on how urban form, design and landscaping affect urban climate at the micro-scale and local scale. This understanding facilitates the targeting of more effective planning strategies for mitigating the urban heat island. Ariane’s recent publications while at DCDC include:
- Gober, P., A. Middel, A. Brazel, S. Myint, H. Chang, J. Duh, and L. House-Peters. 2012. Tradeoffs between water conservation and temperature amelioration in Phoenix and Portland: Implications for urban sustainability. Urban Geography 33(7):1030-1054.
- Middel, A., A.J. Brazel, P. Gober, S.W. Myint, H. Chang, and J. Duh. 2012. Land cover, climate, and the summer surface energy balance in Phoenix, AZ and Portland, OR. International Journal of Climatology 32(13):2020-2032.
- Middel, A., K. Hab, A.J. Brazel, C. Martin, and S. Guhathakurta. 2012. Urban form, landscape design, and microclimate in Phoenix, Arizona. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Urban Climate (ICUC8), August 6-10, 2012, Dublin, Ireland.
- Middel, A., A. Brazel, B. Hagen, and S. Myint. 2011. Land cover modification scenarios and their effects on daytime heating in the inner core residential neighborhoods of Phoenix, AZ, USA. Journal of Urban Technology 18(4):61-79.
- Middel, A. 2009. Estimating residential building types from demographic information at a neighborhood scale. In Visualizing Sustainable Planning, eds. G. Steinebach, S. Guhathakurta, and H. Hagen, 187-202. Springer.
- Middel, A., S. Guhathakurta, H. Hagen, P. Olech, and F. Höpel. 2009. Visualizing future 3-dimensional neighborhoods in Phoenix: An application incorporating empirical methods with computational graphics. In Virtual Geographic Environments, eds. M. Batty, and H. Lin, 87-102. Science Press.
Darren Ruddell received his PhD from the School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning at Arizona State University and was funded jointly by DCDC and the Central Arizona–Phoenix LTER. Ruddell’s research interests focused on issues of climate and society in the urban environment. Ruddell used geospatial technologies to investigate physical and social dimensions of climate and health at multiple scales of analysis (e.g., regional, neighborhood, household). Ruddell recently accepted a position as Lecturer with the Spatial Sciences Institute at the University of Southern California. Darren’s recent publications while at DCDC include:
- Ruddell, D., D. Hoffman, O. Ahmad, and A. Brazel. 2013. Historical threshold temperatures for Phoenix (urban) and Gila Bend (desert), Central Arizona, USA. Climate Research 55(3):201-215.
- Ruddell, D., S.L. Harlan, S. Grossman-Clarke, and G. Chowell. 2012. Scales of perception: Public awareness of regional and neighborhood climates. Climatic Change 111(3):581-607.
- Harlan, S.L. and D. Ruddell. 2011. Climate change and health in cities: Impacts of heat and air pollution and potential co-benefits from mitigation and adaptation. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 3:126-134.
- Ruddell, D.M., S.L. Harlan, S. Grossman-Clarke and A. Buyantuyev. 2010. Risk and exposure to extreme heat in microclimates of Phoenix, AZ. In Geospatial Techniques in Urban Hazard and Disaster Analysis, P. Showalter and Y. Lu. Springer, 179-202.
- Ruddell, D. and E. A. Wentz. 2009. Multi-tasking: Scale in geography. Geography Compass. 3: 681-697. DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-8198.2008.00206.x